"The Gateway of Kumaon". It is one of the biggest business center of Uttarakhand, Haldwani (distt. Nainital ) is the last edge of the plains and Kathgodam is the last stop for rail travel.
Ealier, Haldwani was known as Haldu-Vani, the name was derived after the tree name "Haldu".The State Uttarakhand is carved out of Uttar Pradesh on 8th (Midnight 12:15) November 2000. Since then Haldwani (under district Nainital) is one of the major city of Uttarakhand. First Chief Minister was Shri Nityanand Swami in November 2001.
Because of the increase in population, Haldwani is spreading through some sub-urban areas like Kusumkhera, Uncha Pul, Bithoria, Damuadhunga, Bhotia Parao, Kathgaria, Fateehpur, Daharia, Gaujajali, Lamachour etc.
The area is also notable through university of agriculture and technology called GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Sidcul (Pantnagar), and a newely made medical college Sushila Tiwari Memorial Hospital (Uttarakhand Forest Hospital Trust - UFHT). Haldwani is home to the schools which provide an exceptionally high standard of pre-college education, without the elitism and expenses associated with the residential hill schools of Uttarakhand.
North of Haldwani at Ranibagh is Chitrashila Ghat, the venerable Hindu cremation ground. A fair called Uttarayani (also called Ghughutiya in Kumaoni) is held here on Makar Sankranti (on 14–15 January) every year. To the south of Haldwani lies Pantnagar famous for its Pantnagar University. The Gaula river runs to the east, and to the west is the fertile agricultural region of Lamachaur and Kaladhungi merging into the world-renowned Corbett National Park.
Haldwani is an important commercial hub. It is home to one of the largest vegetable, fruit and foodgrain markets in Kumaon. Being the gateway to most of Kumaon and parts of Garhwal, it is an important revenue center of Uttarakhand based on its advantageous location as a base depot for goods in transit to the hills. The Gaula river that passes nearby is the major source of drinking water for the area. The Gaula river is exploited for a large quantity of boulders, sand and gravels every year, and forms an important revenue source for both the government and local business.